What is compost?
- Composting is a natural process that breaks down kitchen, lawn, and garden materials into a dark, earthy, soil-like material called “compost.”
- This end product is made up of organic matter, microbes and nutrients that can be used to condition and fertilize your soil.
- When food and yard waste biodegrade in a landfill where there is little oxygen, they generate greenhouse gases comprised of roughly half carbon dioxide and half methane.
- Composting is one solution to reducing the greenhouse gases produced by our landfills.
Benefits of composting
- Easy and fun way to be environmentally friendly
- Cuts your weekly garbage almost in half
- Recycles a valuable natural resource
- Produces free compost for your gardens
Lawn & Garden
- Helps break up heavy clay soils
- Adds essential nutrients to the soil
- Helps soil hold water better
- Discourages weeds
- Reduces the need for expensive chemical fertilizers
- Reduces air pollution
- Compost can capture and destroy over 99% of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in the air
- Reduces water pollution
- Compost can also remove heavy metals, solids, oil, and grease from stormwater runoff
- Saves landfill space.
- The amount of waste you send to the landfill will be reduced by 1/3 to 1/2
- Adding compost to the soil restores the organic content and rebuilds the soil food web
Learn how to compost
Now sure of your composting style? The SK Waste Reduction Council (SWRC) spent a year testing out different types of compost bins in Saskatchewan to determine the best bins for our climate and different lifestyles. They have a pretty cool infographic that summarizes the results, and an online quiz to help you figure out what method will work best for you!